Construction of HS2, Britain’s new zero carbon, high-speed railway, continues. On July 31, HS announced the first two tunnel boring machines (TBM) in London, Sushila and Caroline, have completed the first mile of twin-bored tunnel in the capital.
The TBM’s launched in November 2022 and have installed more than 847 tunnel rings each. The tunnel rings are made up of 5,929 concrete segments.
The tunnel being constructed by Sushila is the “downline” and will be where trains travelling south toward London will run once Britain’s new high speed rail line is operational. Caroline is constructing the “upline,” where trains will travel to the Midlands and North.
In total, the twin-bored Northolt Tunnel will be 8.4 miles long and is expected to be complete by 2025, HS2 announced.
More than 240,000 m3 of mixed soil (London Clay, chalk and sand) has been extracted during the tunneling process so far and is being used north of the tunnel to create new wildlife habitat and landscaping. The earth is kept within the HS2 site boundaries.
The first TBM was named by Dairy Meadow Primary School in Southall after Sushila Hirani, a local teacher with a passion for getting more girls and pupils from BAME backgrounds into STEM. The second TBM, Caroline, named after astronomer Caroline Herschell by Brentside Primary Academy School, was launched shortly after Sushila.
“As the construction of HS2 continues to develop at pace, we edge closer to the benefits of this transformational railway coming to life,” Rail Minister Huw Merriman said. “While its construction protects natural habitats and creates thousands of jobs, its completion will soon connect our largest cities and create quick, sustainable rail journeys that are fit for the future.”
Speaking about HS2’s progress on tunneling under the capital, Malcolm Codling, project client for HS2, said, “Work to build the HS2 network in London is gaining momentum and completing one mile of twin bored tunnel is another sign of progress on delivering the HS2 route between London and Birmingham.
“HS2 will deliver zero-carbon journeys from day one, linking the major cities of the Midlands and North with London and releasing train path capacity for local, regional and freight services.”
A team of 17 tunnel engineers from HS2’s Main Works Civils Contractor, Skanska Costain STRABAG joint venture (SCS JV), has been operating each TBM, working closely with a 60 strong team on the ground.
The 58,000 tunnel segments for this section of the London tunnels are being manufactured by Pacadar on the Isle of Grain in Kent. Recently the delivery of the segments has been by rail to the sidings at the West Ruislip site, reducing lorry journeys on roads.
“Completing our first mile of tunnelling on both of our TBMs is a fantastic moment for the HS2 London tunnels programme. Early next year our next two TBMs will be launched from Victoria Road crossover box, close to Old Oak Common station. All these drives will then meet at Greenpark Way in Greenford, forming the route for the initial opening of HS2 into London,” James Richardson, Managing Director of Skanska Costain STRABAG JV said. ““The HS2 London Tunnels team is undertaking some of the most complex tunnelling operations ever embarked on and this milestone has been achieved through a combined effort of all parts of the team. Shafts along the route are all now reaching completion of the civil engineering works in preparedness for the TBMs to pass underneath. We’ve also embarked on one of the largest utility projects to enable to tunnels to safely pass through this year.”
The SCS JV team are now preparing to begin the construction of cross passages between the two tunnels. The link between the two parallel tunnels will be used in emergencies.
The TBMs are due to reach the first ventilation and emergency access shaft at South Ruislip in Autumn 2023, after they have travelled a distance 1.7 miles. The shaft is 35 meters deep and a ‘headhouse’ will be built above it to house safety equipment. The building will have a green roof and will be constructed using timber and brick, sympathetic to the local landscape.
The 8.4-mile Northolt Tunnel will be completed with two additional TBMs which will be launched from the opposite end of the tunnel at Victoria Road Crossover Box in Ealing next winter. All four TBMs constructing the tunnel will end their journeys at Greenpark Way in Greenford in Ealing where they will be extracted from the ground.